初三英语阅读理解:理解及答案
来源:教务科研处 作者:里院里 发布时间 :2017-09-24 13:40:57阅读次数:【字体 |

 (A) Today Newtown is a clean place, but many years ago there were millions of rats there. The rats even attacked(攻击) the cats and dogs. Sometimes many of them tried to bite men or women at night. The rats were very large in size and they harmed(伤害) many people.

The city office ordered every one to kill rats. However, most people were lazy, so they did not kill many rats. The city office could do nothing with the citizens and could do nothing with the rats, either. Some time later they had to pay some money for each dead rat. That made the people very happy. They at once began to kill rats. They got as many dead rats as they could. And some of them even stopped their own work to kill rats because they could get more pay. Every day a city official(官员) put all the dead rats together. He was very busy doing that, because sometimes a man brought hundreds of them in one day.
Two weeks later there were not so many rats in the city as before, but people still brought many dead rats to the city office. The city officials felt surprised at this, but at last they found out that people were stealing the dead rats they had collected. So the city official had to order his men to dig a big hole and put the dead rats in it. Soon there were no more rats and the city did not have to pay any more money for that
1. Newtown_________.
A. used to be a clean place  B. is no longer a dirty place
C. has always been very clean  D. will be very clean
2. The rats in Newtown were once_________.
A. as big as cats B. as dangerous as dogs C. huge in size D. run into by cars there
3. When the city office first ordered the citizens to kill rats, most people________.
A. promised to pay for each dead rat B. stole dead rats
C. were too lazy to kill rats D. killed nearly all the rats very soon
4. The people in Newtown killed rats_______.
A. to get money  B. because the rats attacked them at night
C. to help clean the city  D. to pay the city as a tax
5. A big hole was dug so that________.
A. the rats could come out to attack people at night B. people could take many rats
C. the people loved dead rats D.people could not steal dead rats for money
(B) Mr Green worked in a shop. The shop sold, cleaned and repaired hearing-aids(助听器). One day an old man entered and put one down in front of him without a word.
“What’s the matter with it?” Mr Green said. The man did not answer. Of course Mr Green thought the man must be deaf(聋的) and something must be wrong with his hearing-aid, so he said again, more loudly(大声的) “What’s wrong with your heading-aid, sir?” Again the man said nothing, so Mr Green shouted his question again as loudly as he could.
The man then took a pen and a piece of paper and wrote: “It isn’t necessary to shout when you are speaking to me. My ears are as good as yours. This hearing-aid is my wife’s, not mine. I’ve just had a throat(喉咙) operation(手术). I can hear very well, but I can’t speak!”
1. ( ) The old man went to the shop to buy a hearing-aid for his wife.
2. ( ) Mr Green thought something must be wrong with the old man’s hearing-aid.
3. ( ) The old man didn’t answer Mr Green’s question because he was deaf.
4. ( ) Mr Green wrote his question down because the old man could not speak.
5. ( ) In order to answer Mr Green’s question, the old man had to write down what he wanted to say on a piece of paper.
(C) Do you remember when your grandma told you the story of Snow White? Ah, the happy days of childhood!
But did you know that Snow White comes from Germany? It’s just one story from the 209 in Grimm’s Fairy Tales (《格林童话》). The Grimm brothers started to collect fairy tales in 1806. Their first book came out in 1812.
Why are German fairy tales so interesting? Maybe it’s because they come from a great place famous for its stories – the Black Forest.
The Black Forest is in southwest Germany. It’s the largest forest in the country – and one of the most beautiful. It’s famous for its trees and lovely views. There are valleys and waterfalls (瀑布) there. It’s a good place to start a story.
Don’t forget to bring something back if you visit. People there are good at making clocks, musical instruments and watches.
1.From the story, we know that ____ is the hometown of Snow White.
A. England B. Japan C. America D. Germany
2.How long had the Grimm brothers been collecting stories?
A. Four years B. Five years C. Six years D. Seven years
3.From the story, we cannot guess that the Black Forest is very ____.
A. large B. beautiful C. boring D. famous
4.The story mainly tells us ____.
A. who wrote the story of Snow White B. some things about Black Forest
C. people should visit Germany D. Snow White is a very famous fairy tale.
(D) In almost every big university in the U.S.A, football is a favorite sport. American football is not like soccer. Players sometimes kick (踢)the ball, but they also throw(丢,投) the ball and run with it. They try to take it to the other end of the field. They have four chances to move the ball ten yeards(码). They can carry it or throw it. If they move it to the other end of the field, They have got six points. This is called a touch-down.(底线得分)
It is difficult to move the ball. Eleven men on the team try to stop the man who has the ball. If the man does not move the ball ten yards, his team kicks the ball to the other team.
Every university wants its team to win. A lot of people come to watch. They all yell(喊加油) for their favorite team. Young men and women called cheerleaders(拉拉队长) to come to help the people to yell more.
Every team plays ten or eleven games each season which begins in September and ends in November. If a team is very good, it may play another game after the season ends. The best teams play again on January 1, the first day of the new year. Many people go to see these games and many others watch them on TV.
1.In American football players can ______
A.only kick the ball B.only throw the ball C.only carry the ball D.kick,throw and carry the ball
2.If a team wants to get points, it has to move the ball ______
A. 10 yards B. 40 yards
C. away from its own end D.to the other end
3.Most teams play games in _______.
A. spring B.summer C.autumn D.winter
4.When do the best team play again? _____
A At Christmas B.Before the season ends
C.On New Year’s Day D.On the last day of the season
5.Which is the best title for the passage? ______
A.American Football B.Most People Like Football
C. Many People Enjoy Watching Football Games D.American Football Is Not Like Soccer
(E) In 1620, about half the USA was covered(覆盖) by forests. Today the forests have almost gone. A lot of good land has gone with them, leaving only sand(沙地). China doesn't want to copy(抄) the USA's example. We're planting more and more trees. We've built the " Great Green Wall" of trees across northern(北部的) part of our country.The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long, and between 400 and 1,700 kilometres wide. It will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. It will stop the sand from moving towards the rich farmland(农田) in the south. More "Great Green Walls" are needed. Trees must be grown all over the world. Great Green Walls will make the world better.
1.In 1620, about ______ the USA was covered by forests.
A.a third B.half C.two thirds D.a fourth
2.A lot of good land has gone with ______.
A.sand B.water C.wind D.forests
3.The Great Green Wall in China is ______ long.
A.7,000 kilometers B.1,700 kilometers C.7,000 meters D.400 kilometers
4.Trees must be grown in ______.
A.China B.the USA C.some countries D.every part of the world
5.______ will make the world better.
A.The Great Wall B.Tall buildings C.Great Green Walls D.Flowers and grass
八年级英语阅读理解专项练习题
A
One day a rich man and a businessman met in a restaurant. For their lunch they both ordered soup. When it was brought, the rich man tasted it, but the soup was so hot that he burned his mouth and tears came into his eyes. The businessman asked him why he was crying. The rich man didn’t want to tell the truth and he told a lie,“Sir, I had a brother who was killed last year. I was thinking of his death, and that made me cry.” The businessman believed his story and began to eat his soup. He also burned his mouth so much that he had tears in his eyes. The rich man noticed it and asked the businessman,“Sir, why do you cry?”The businessman, who now saw that the rich man had cheated him, answered,“Oh, I’m crying because you were not killed together with your brother.
I) 根据短文内容判断正(T)误(F)(5分)
( )76.The rich man didn’t tell the truth.
( )77.Though the rich man burned the mouth, he shouldn’t have told the lie.
( )78.The rich man had a brother who was burned.
( )79.The businessman believed the rich man’s story at first.
( )80.The businessman’s answer showed that he was very happy.
II) 根据短文内容将下列句子排序.(5分)
81.They ordered the soup and the soup was so hot that the rich man burned his mouth first.
82.The businessman also burned his mouth and he was not happy.
83.A rich man and a businessman had lunch in the same restaurant.
84.The rich man told a lie about his brother’s death.
85.The businessman realized(意识到) that the rich man cheated him at last.
______ _______ _____ _______ _______
B
School kids Say Goodbye to Their Flying Friends
Jin Jun and his classmates at Shanghai Nanyang Middle School are not very happy to be back from holiday.
Not because they hate studying, but because some of their best friends on campus(校园) are gone: pigeons.
More than 100 pigeons used to(过去常常) fly around campus every day, making students smile during break time.
But now, the birds are gone. Where? Now they’re all locked up in a bird cage. Bird flu(流感) has landed in Shanghai, and expert are afraid the pigeons might spread(传播)the disease if they keep flying around.
For safety, the school also asks students to stay away from the cage. “I feel sad for those birds. They’re my best friends,” said Jin, a Junior 3 student. “Last term I would bring corn to feed them, but I can’t do that any more. I hope bird flu will end soon so I can play with the pigeons again.”
Nanyang Middle School is not the only one to take pigeons off campus.
Students in Beijjng Fengtai Experimental Primary School also gave their pigeons to the local health department (当地卫生部门)on February 3.
Their pigeons are special birds. In 1999, students found two injured pigeons and gave them a home. To get money for bird food, the kids sold rubbish paper They took good care of the birds, and five years later, those two pigeons had become 265!
“The students loved the birds,” said Mr Chen, the school’s headmaster. “But to keep the school safe, they are willing to give them up.”
根据短文内容选择正确答案(5分)
( )86. Students in Nanyang Middle School are not happy to be back from holiday because ________.
A. they don’t like studying B. their best friends are not studying there any more
C. their pigeons are all locked up in a big cage away from them
D. their pigeons have all been killed
( )87. Students in Beijing Fengtai Experimental Primary School got money for bird food by
______________.
A.selling(卖) rubbish paper B. selling their books
C. asking their parents for money D. borrowing money from friends
( )88. The pigeons have all been locked up so that _______________________.
A. they won’t fly around all day B. they won’t make a lot of noise
C. they won’t spread bird flu D. they will grow faster
( )89. There are about _________ more pigeons in Fengtai Experimental Primary School than in Nanyang Middle School.
A. 300 B. 160 C. 200 D. 100
( )90. The students in the two schools probably felt _______ when the pigeons were taken away from them.
A. happy B. excited C. disappointed D. angry




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